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Phases of the Nursing Process

Phases of the Nursing Process

The nursing process is goal-oriented method of caring that provides a framework to nursing care. It involves six major steps:
  • A - Assess (what data is collected?)
  • D - Diagnose (what is the problem?)
  • O - Outcome Identification - (Was originally a part of the Planning phase, but has recently been added as a new step in the complete process).
  • P - Plan (how to manage the problem)
  • I - Implement (putting plan into action)
  • E - Evaluate (did the plan work?)
According to some theorists, this six-steps description of the nursing process is outdated and misrepresents nursing as linear and atomic

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