Search This Blog

Nursing Care Plan for Conjunctivitis

Conjunctivitis is an inflammation of the conjunctiva, the mucous membrane that covers the white part of the eye and the inner eyelid. Condition characterized by red eyes is the most common eye disorder in children.

Types of Conjunctivitis

Conjunctivitis can be caused by bacterial infections, viral infections, allergies or irritation.:
  • Bacterial conjunctivitis : infections caused by bacteria, such as staphylococci, streptococci or Haemophilus. Eyes are usually issued dung eyes yellow / greenish yellow which may spread to the lashes and cause a sticky eyelids, especially in the morning.
  • Viral conjunctivitis : an infection caused by a virus called adenovirus, often associated with the common cold. Types of conjunctivitis are very contagious among humans and can cause epidemics. Eye redness and discharge may be watery. Often the swollen eyelids. This type of conjunctivitis may also spread to the cornea and cause blurred vision.
  • Allergic Conjunctivitis : allergy due to objects such as pollen, dust mites, or dust. Itchy eyes and redness that may be accompanied by many tears, eyelid crusting and photophobia (eye glare). This condition can occur at certain times of the year, for example during a drought when a lot of pollen and dust flying through the air. Children who have a history of allergic conjunctivitis often have other atopic diseases such as allergic rhinitis, eczema or asthma.
  • Irritation Conjunctivitis : caused by chlorine in the pool, smoke, or steam.
In addition, the newborn child called neonatal conjunctivitis or ophthalmia neonatorum which is transmitted during the birth process and including sexually transmitted diseases such as gonorrhea or chlamydia infection. In small infants, symptoms of watery eyes and more eyes droppings caused by tear drainage problems that have not evolved than conjunctivitis. The condition is known as the naso-lacrimal duct obstruction, which will disappear when the baby is getting older.


Nursing Diagnosis for Conjunctivitis

  1. Acute pain related to inflammation of the conjunctiva.
  2. Anxiety related to lack of knowledge about the disease process.
  3. Risk of spread of infection associated with inflammatory processes.
  4. Impaired self-concept (body image decreases) related to the change of the eyelids (swelling / edema).
  5. Risk for injury related to limited vision.


Related Articles: