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Acute Pain - NCP for Eczema (Dermatitis)


Nursing Care Plan for Eczema (Dermatitis)
Nursing Care Plan for Eczema (Dermatitis)

Dermatitis is an inflammation of the skin, sometimes caused by allergies. Dermatitis is also called eczema.

Types of Dermatitis

Seborrheic Dermatitis : A condition that occurs is red, scaly, itchy rash that occurs in areas of the face (especially the case on the nose and eyebrows), occurs also in the area of the scalp, chest and back. This often occurs when a person in a state of stress, and the possible excessive growth of yeast on the skin. Corticosteroid drugs and drugs that kill microorganisms can overcome this disease.

Contact Dermatitis : Contact dermatitis occurs due to the occurrence of a chemical reaction in contact with skin. Common causes are detergents, nickel, certain plants, and cosmetics. Topical corticosteroid medications which can be a solution for this disease.

Photodermatitis : Photodermatitis occur in people who have abnormalities of the skin sensitive to light. A set point may occur at certain parts of the skin exposed to sunlight.


Nursing Care Plan for Eczema (Dermatitis)

Nursing Diagnosis : Acute Pain related to skin lesions

Goal: Pain is reduced / no pain.

Expected outcomes:
  • Appeasement reached taste disturbances.
  • Expressed with words that itching has subsided.
  • Show no symptoms of the skin excoriations due to scratching.
  • Comply with the prescribed therapy.
  • Keep adequacy skin hydration and lubrication ..
  • Shows the intact skin; skin showed, advances in healthy appearance.

Interventions :

Independent:

1. Check the area involved.
R /: An understanding of the extent and characteristics of the skin include assistance in preparing an intervention plan.

2. Efforts to find the cause of the disorder sense of comfort.
R /: Helps identify the appropriate actions to provide comfort.

3. Record the results of observations in detail by using descriptive terminology.
R /: An accurate description of the skin eruption is necessary for diagnosis and treatment. Many skin conditions seem similar but have different etiologies.

4. Anticipating allergic reactions that may occur; obtain a history of drug use.
R /: Rash thorough especially with sudden onset may indicate an allergic reaction to the drug.

5. Control irritant factors.
R /: Itching aggravated by heat, chemical, and physical.

6. Maintain humidity of approximately 60%; use a humidifier.
R /: With low humidity, the skin will lose water.

7. Maintain a cool environment.
R /: Coolness reduce itching.

8. Use a mild soap or soap made for sensitive skin.
R /: These include the absence of a solution detegen, dyes or reinforcement material.

9. Remove excess clothing or equipment in the bed.
R /: Increase the cool environment.

10. Wash bed linens and clothes with a mild soap.
R /: harsh soaps can cause skin irritation.

11. Stop the repeated exposure to detergents, cleaners and solvents.
R /: Any substance that abolishing water, lipid or protein of the epidermis, will alter the skin barrier function.

12. Use skin care measures to maintain skin integrity and improve patient comfort.
R /: Skin is an important barrier that must be maintained integrity in order to function correctly.

13. Make a compress air with lukewarm water or cold compresses to relieve itching.
R /: Sucking water gradually from gauze compress will soothe the skin and relieve pruritus.

Collaboration:

14. Apply lotion and skin cream immediately after bathing.
R /: This action helps to relieve the symptoms.

15. Instruct the patient to avoid the use of an ointment or lotion purchased without a prescription.
R /: Problems patients can be caused by irritation or sensitization due to the treatment itself.

16. Keep nails patient, always trimmed.
R /: Cutting the nail will reduce skin damage from scratching.

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