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Eye Cancer: Types, Symptoms and Nursing Diagnosis

Nursing Care Plan of Eye Cancer
Eye Cancer

Eye cancer is a lump in or around the eyes caused by abnormal cell growth and uncontrolled. Although quite rare, eye cancer can be about anyone and any age.


Type of Eye Cancer

Eye cancer is divided into several types. Cancer that develops in the eye called intraocular cancer, while cancer that develops around the eyes called the extra ocular cancer.

Intraocular Eye Cancer

Intraocular eye cancer types include:
  • Ocular Melanoma : Cancer usually is developing in a layer of the eyeball, muscles that focus the eye, the iris (the colored part of the eye), or the inner surface of the conjunctiva (the eyelids). Melanoma be one type of cancer is the most common intraocular eye.
  • Retinoblastoma : Cancer generally develops in the nerve cells of the retina, and can be one or both eyes. This condition is often an inherited condition and develop in children, mostly children under five years old. The good news, more than nine out of 10 children with retinoblastoma cured with proper treatment.
  • Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma : Usually develops in the lymph nodes. Lymph nodes are glands throughout the body that are part of the body's natural immune system. However, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma are sometimes also progressed in the eye.


Extraocular Eye Cancer

Extraocular eye cancer include:
  • Basal cell carcinoma: A type of skin cancer most commonly occurs. Usually develops near the eyes, especially in the lower eyelids. Growing small red pimples on the skin. This cancer usually does not spread to other body parts, but if left untreated can affect the surrounding tissue.
  • Rhabdomyosarcoma: Is a type of eye cancer that is very rare that develops in the muscles that move the eyes. Rhabdomyosarcoma cases mostly occur in children.
  • Optic nerve tumors: Also includes rare tumor that develops in the eye optic nerve, the nerve that connects the eye to the brain.
  • Squamous cell carcinoma: This cancer usually develops on the surface of the eyelids.

Secondary Eye Cancer

Sometimes the cancer can spread from other parts of the body to the eye. This condition is called secondary cancer of the eye. Secondary eye cancer is most likely to occur in women with breast cancer, and in men with lung cancer.


Symptoms of Eye Cancer

Symptoms of eye cancer varies depending on the type and location. If someone intraocular cancer, such as ocular melanoma, is usually not accompanied by symptoms and be detected in a routine eye examination. That is why it is very important to check the eyes to an eye specialist at least once every two years.



Symptoms of eye cancer include:
  • Vision (sight) lost partial or complete.
  • See flashing lights or spots.
  • A dark spot on the iris grow.
  • Bumps visible on the eyelids with crusting or bleeding.
  • Watery eyes.
  • Pain in or around the eye.
But keep in mind, these symptoms are not caused by the absolute eye cancer because it can also be caused by other health problems, but if you experience any of these symptoms, immediately consult an ophthalmologist.


Nursing Diagnosis of Eye Cancer

1) Disturbed Sensory Perception (visual)
2) Disturbed Body Image

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