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Acute Pain - Nursing Care Plan for Vertigo

Vertigo is a symptom of dizziness that can happen to anyone, ranging from mild symptoms to severe. Vertigo can be characterized by a sense of dizziness as the head spins and inverted vision. As a result, patients experience dizziness highly and will not be able to get up because of the dizziness.

Dizziness is actually a common symptom associated with various disorders. Causes of dizziness may be related to the nervous system, but can be derived from ENT, heart, eyes, and even psychologically.

After all dizziness complaints, ranging from mild to severe, should be evaluated carefully in order to clear the source and the cause can be found so that the obtained optimal treatment or handling.

Symptoms of vertigo can be triggered by various things, such as a hormonal disorder that is marked by the presence of acne, fatigue, stress, lack of rest and so on.


Nursing Diagnosis for Vertigo : Acute Pain related to stress and tension, irritation / nerve pressure, vasospasm, increased intracranial pressure.

Characterized by :
Stating that pain is influenced by such factors, changes in position, changes in sleep patterns, anxiety.

Goal : Pain is lost or reduced

Outcomes:
  • The client expresses pain is reduced.
  • Normal vital signs.
  • The client appeared calm and relaxed.

Intervention :
1. Monitor vital signs , intensity / pain scale
Rationale : Identify and facilitate the nursing action.

2. Encourage clients to rest in bed.
Rational : the break to reduce the intensity of pain.

3. Adjust the position of the patient as comfortable as possible.
Rational : the exact position reduces stress and prevent muscle tension and reduce pain.

4. Teach relaxation techniques and breathing deeply.
Rationale : relaxation reduces tension and makes the feeling more comfortable.

5. Collaboration for providing analgesic.
Rationale : useful analgesic to reduce pain so that the patient becomes more comfortable.

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