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Mobilization and Immobilization Definition


Mobilization Definition

  • Mobility is the movement that gave freedom and independence for a person. (Ansari, 2011).
  • Mobilization is a condition where the body can perform activities freely. (Kosier, 1989 cit Ida 2009)
  • Mobilization is the ability to move freely, easily and regularly which aims to meet the needs of a healthy life. Mobilization is necessary for enhancing the health, slow the disease process, especially degenerative diseases and to actualization. Mobilization led to improved circulation, creating a deep breath and stimulate gastrointestinal function returns to normal, thrust to move the foot and lower leg as soon as possible, usually within 12 hours. (Mubarak, 2008).
  • Mobility or mobilization of an individual's ability to move freely, easily and regularly with the aim to meet the needs of the activity in order to maintain health. (AA Aziz, 2006)
  • Mobililis / Mobilisation is effortless motion / move. (Christine Brooker, 2001)
  • Physical mobility is a state when a person experiences or even at risk of physical limitations and is not immobile. (Doenges, M.E, 2000)
  • Mobility or mobilization is the ability of individuals to move freely, easy, and organized with the aim to meet the needs of the activity in order to maintain health.

Immobilization Definition

  • Immobility is broadly defined as the level of activity that is less than optimal mobility. (Ansari, 2011).
  • Immobilization is a condition in which the patient must rest in bed, do not move actively due to a variety of diseases or disorders of the organs of a physical or mental. Can also be interpreted as a state do not move / bedrest constant for 5 days or more due to changes in physiological function (Bimoariotejo, 2009).
  • Immobility (immobilization) is a state of not moving / bed rest (bed rest) for 3 days or more (Adi, 2005). A state of physical movement limited ability to independently experienced by a person (Pusva, 2009).
  • Immobilization is a relative condition, where individuals not only lose the ability to move in total, but also decreased the activity of the normal habits. (Mubarak, 2008).
  • Impaired physical mobility (immobilization) is defined by the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association (NANDA) as a situation where an individual is experiencing or at risk of physical movement limitations. Individuals who are experiencing or at risk of physical movement limitations, among others: the elderly, individuals with the disease who experienced a loss of consciousness of more than 3 days or more, the individual who lost the use of anatomic result in physiological changes (loss of motor function, a client with a stroke, a wheelchair user client) , the use of external tools (such as a cast or traction), and restriction of movement of volunteers (Potter, 2005).
  • Immobilization is the inability of a person to move his own body. Immobilization is said to be a major risk factor in the emergence of decubitus wounds both in hospitals and in the community. This condition can increase the time an emphasis on skin tissue, and subsequently lead to lower circulation decubitus sores. Immobilization in addition to directly affect the skin, also affects several organs. For example, in the cardiovascular system, peripheral blood circulation disorders, respiratory system, lower lungs to pick up oxygen movement of air (lung expansion) and result in decreased oxygen intake to the body Lindgren et al, 2004)

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