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5 Nursing Diagnosis for Meningitis


Meningitis is a severe inflammation of the lining of the brain. Inflammation that may occur after the attacks of otitis media, mastoid inflammation, brain abscess, even inflamed tonsils. Something cracked in the skull or a penetrating head injury that may result in meningitis. (Clifford R Anderson: 1975)

Meningitis is an acute infection of the lining of the meninges (the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord). These infections can be caused by:
Bacteria, such as : pneumococcus, meningecoccus, stapilococcus, streptococcus, salmonella, etc..
Viruses, such as : Haemophilus influenza and herpes simplex.

Signs and Symptoms

1. Changes in cerebral tissue perfusion related to cerebral edema / obstruction of blood flow.
2. Acute pain associated with the infection process.
3. Damage to physical mobility related to neuromuscular damage.
4. High risk of trauma / injury associated with generalized seizure activity.
5. Associated with an increased risk of exposure to infection, the immune system is weak.

Characterized by symptoms of refusing to eat, less to suck reflexes, vomiting, diarrhea, lack of muscle tone, weak cry. In children and adolescents usually there are signs and symptoms of high fever, headache, vomiting, sensory changes, seizures, easily stimulated, photo phobia, delirium, hallucinations, manic, stupor, coma, neck stiffness, positive Kernig and Brudzinski, ptechial (show meningococcal infection).


1. Ineffective tissue perfusion (cerebral)
related to:
cerebral edema,
hypovolemia.

2. Risk for injury
related to:
generalized seizures / focal,
general weakness,
vertigo.

3. Acute Pain
related to:
inflammatory process,
toxin in the circulation.

4. Impaired physical mobility
related to:
Neuromuscular damage,
decrease in strength.

5. Anxiety
related to:
crisis situation,
threat of death.

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