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Causes and Care Plan of Diarrhea in Infants

Causes and Care Plan of Diarrhea in Infants
Nursing Care Plan of Diarrhea in Infants

Diarrhea is not a topic that is often discussed, except when it occurs in infants. Every parent would be concerned about all things unusual happened to the baby, ranging from problems of diarrhea, food, until sleep patterns. And that was troublesome was the baby can not express what they feel except with the language of tears. So, inevitably every parent should be a good researcher for their children.

Feces during diarrhea in infants may appear in the texture, color and smell different. Such differences in the texture of the stool usually depends on what the baby feeding (breast milk, formula or solids).

One or two times a watery stool that comes out on the baby may not have to worry about. It usually occurs in the first weeks or months of the baby. However, if too frequent or severe diarrhea, this is no longer the time for you to hold a nursing home, you should immediately take the baby to the doctor.


Causes of Diarrhea in Infants

Babies with diarrhea can be caused by many factors, among others:
  • Food allergies or are sensitive to a drug.
  • Drinking too much fruit juice.
  • Poisoning.
  • Infections caused by viruses, bacteria and parasites.
Diarrhea occurs because the causes above that goes into the baby's digestion (by mouth). It could be the baby food and drink was contaminated / polluted with bacteria, parasites or viruses, toxins to chemicals. Do not just oriented on food and beverages consumed by the baby alone, hands touch the baby against something, then the baby put his hand into the mouth, is also a driveway for the causes of diarrhea.

Baby feeding equipment must also be assured of cleanliness, clean of bacteria / viruses and chemicals / pharmaceuticals. It's useless if you maintain the cleanliness of food and his hands but not keeping his dishes. Generally, mothers of households use chemicals / sort of detergent sold in the market for washing utensils. Well, the rinsing process must be done properly, make sure the cutlery has been rinsed clean to prevent chemicals washers are no longer living in tableware. The best thing after that is boiling all his dishes. And do not forget to give sense to the person who washes tableware your family, especially baby equipment. If you are in doubt, you should do yourself.

The mother / baby sitter alone should have to frequently wash their hands before and after eating, after changing diapers, after using the bathroom. These are all important to prevent diarrhea.

If you are breastfeeding your baby, you should not use laxatives because most of laxatives will go to the baby through breast milk will eventually cause diarrhea for the baby.


Effect of Diarrhea in Infants

Diarrhea will obviously disrupt the normal balance of water and salt (electrolytes) in infants. When the water and electrolytes lost in significant amounts (for diarrhea), babies will become dehydrated. And the loss of water and electrolytes in infants should get a replacement as soon as possible. In infants, dehydration can occur very quickly. Can directly take place on the day he diarrhea or the next day and it was very dangerous, especially for newborns.

Here are the signs of dehydration in infants:
  • Urinate more often than usual.
  • Irritability (fussy).
  • Dry mouth.
  • No tears when crying.
  • Lethargic and often sleepy (unconventional).
  • Sunken soft spot (fontanel concave).
  • Inelastic skin (the skin is not immediately return after pressed or pinched).
When there is the above symptoms, do not wait any longer, let alone still would defer to care for her at home, immediately go to the doctor. Also, immediately go to the doctor if your baby has these symptoms:
  • Fever over 38.8 degrees Celsius.
  • Abdominal pain (toddlers who can express her feelings).
  • Blood or pus in the stool, or black stools, white or red.
  • Lethargy.
  • Vomiting.

Nursing Diagnoses of Diarrhea
  1. Deficient Fluid Volume r / t excessive loss through the feces and vomit and limited intake (nausea).
  2. Imbalanced Nutrition: less than body requirements r / t disruption of nutrient absorption and increase intestinal peristalsis.
  3. Pain (acute) r / t Hiperperistaltik, irritation perirektal fissure.
  4. Anxiety: family r / t changes in the health status of children.
  5. Knowledge deficit: family: about the condition, prognosis and therapy needs r / t exposure limited information, misinterpretation of information and or cognitive limitations.

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